There are some beautiful museums in the world which attract millions of visitors. The region of Mardan is rich in culture and especially Gandhara remains are matchless. The people of Mardan had the idea of a museum for a long time and they were keen to preserve the heritage. For this reason they formed National Heritage Preservation Societies in the past. Ultimately with the interest of the local Government Officials and the then commissioner of Mardan, Mr R N Sahibzada, the proposal of building a museum in Mardan was made in 1990. The museum was opened in April1991.
The original name is Takht-i-Bahi. This town is situated 15 km from Mardan on Swat Malakand road. In 1908/9 the ancient Buddhist history was discovered in the mountains. Large numbers of buildings look beautiful on top of the mountains.
Unfortunately the possessions of the houses and buildings have been taken away illegally and maybe decorating some famous buildings in the rest of the world. The population is expanding and new houses are approaching the site. If ignored for a few more years, the tourist and historic attractions will disappear.
Cultural heritage has a great historical significance. It represents the taste and theme of the time. The Guides Memorial Mardan also has a very relevant historical importance. It was built by the British in 1892 in memory of their soldiers who sacrificed their lives in defence of Queen’s Residency in Kabul on September 23rd 1879.This historical memorial was built in the centre of Mardan city.
Professor Dr. Salma Shaheen was born on 16th of April 1954 in Baghada Mardan. Her father Mr. Amir Muhammad Khan was a well known Pukhtoon Figure of the region. She has devoted her life to the development of Pushto language and because of this she could not get time for marriage and marital life.
Professor Shaheen is a well known researcher, poet and writer. She is well respected in the literary circles of Pakistan, Afghanistan and china. She is the professor of Pashto literature at the university of Peshawar and is associated with the prestigious Pashto Academy of the University of Peshawar since 1978 .She has done her PhD degree in Pashto literature and for this reason is also known as Dr. Shaheen. The title of her thesis is Modern Poetry in Pashto literature .She has published her thesis in 2004.
Her research papers have won tremendous appreciations all over the world and especially in Pukhtoonkhwa.
She owns to her credit thirty research publications written about social, cultural, traditional, and linguistics issues.
Dr Salma has published twelve valuable books. In a very distinctive manner, she has highlighted the social and cultural issues which are faced by the people of Pukhtoonkhwa. She has also suggested solutions to these problems as well.
She has a very unique style of Pashto poetry. Her books are very popular. She is the first female Pushto novelist from Pukhtoonkhwa and some of her novels like "Ka Rana Shwa" (1988) have received awards.
She has visited many countries of and was a member of the cultural delegation to china. She has written a book about her journey to china.
Dr Salma Sheen has attended many seminars, conferences, and workshops since 1978. Her poetic aim is to remove poverty, ignorance, unemployment and lawlessness.