There are some beautiful museums in the world which attract millions of visitors. The region of Mardan is rich in culture and especially Gandhara remains are matchless. The people of Mardan had the idea of a museum for a long time and they were keen to preserve the heritage. For this reason they formed National Heritage Preservation Societies in the past. Ultimately with the interest of the local Government Officials and the then commissioner of Mardan, Mr R N Sahibzada, the proposal of building a museum in Mardan was made in 1990. The museum was opened in April1991.
The original name is Takht-i-Bahi. This town is situated 15 km from Mardan on Swat Malakand road. In 1908/9 the ancient Buddhist history was discovered in the mountains. Large numbers of buildings look beautiful on top of the mountains.
Unfortunately the possessions of the houses and buildings have been taken away illegally and maybe decorating some famous buildings in the rest of the world. The population is expanding and new houses are approaching the site. If ignored for a few more years, the tourist and historic attractions will disappear.
Cultural heritage has a great historical significance. It represents the taste and theme of the time. The Guides Memorial Mardan also has a very relevant historical importance. It was built by the British in 1892 in memory of their soldiers who sacrificed their lives in defence of Queen’s Residency in Kabul on September 23rd 1879.This historical memorial was built in the centre of Mardan city.
This Buddhist monastery is situated on Malakand Road at a distance of about 10 kilometers from Mardan. It is on the top of a small mountain. By visiting this place one can judge the importance of this site and it reminds us the old history of the great Gandhara Art.
According to Dr. Spooner and Dr. Arl-Strain, it is a big treasury of Gandhara Art. The opinion is that a sudden fire broke out here and for this reason the sculptures remained preserved. Coins have also been recovered from this site.
The main attraction left now is the old huge wall. This is the only remains of this important site. The sculptures are in Peshawar Museum and may be in other Museums of the world.
The rest of the Monastery has been damaged by the people of the village due to the negligence of the authorities. The area on which this monastery was build is now totally inhabited by the villagers. This site is of great attraction and importance for the foreign visitors but sadly not for the villagers and the authorities.